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Emily Freeman

Care Policy and Evaluation Centre, London School of Economics and Political Science

Emily Freeman

My multi- and inter-disciplinary qualitative research aims to understand behaviours, expectations and experiences related to demographic phenomena and their consequences in low- and middle-income settings. Concern for equity and care, especially for underserved populations, underpins all my research.

My current long term care (LTC) work looks at the costs and consequences of unpaid dementia care for carers in Mexico and India (part of the STRiDE project) and the future of care for vulnerable older adults in Malawi and South Africa.


Countries India; International; Malawi; Mexico; South Africa; sub-Saharan Africa;
Topics Attitudes and Expectations about Long-Term Care; Care economy; Care in rural and other non-urban settings; Care inequalities; Care needs poverty and deprivation; Care trajectories; Co-production in LTC; Dementia care and support; Ethics and care; Gender and care; LTC systems in LMIC countries; Outcomes for unpaid/informal carers; Research gaps and priorities in LTC; Rights and people’s voices in LTC systems; Survey measures; Unmet needs; Unpaid / informal care;
Methods Qualitative studies; Questionnaire; Training materials;
Role Research;
Interest Groups Care and social protection in Southern Africa; Long-Term Care Policy; Strengthening Responses to Dementia;
Research interests
  • Older adults’ experiences of needing LTC and the experiences of those called upon to provide LTC in low and middle income countries (LMICs)
  • Older adults’ sexual health and care
  • Research ethics and the production of data on ageing and LTC in LMICs
  • Methods for generating data on LTC
Key publications

Freeman, Emily, Knapp, Martin, Jadoolal, Shari and Somani, Ami (2023) Long-term care organization and financing. In: Mitchell, Richard, Bradshaw, Ralph and McManus, Linda, (eds.) Reference Module in Biomedical Sciences. Elsevier. ISBN 9780128012383

Freeman, Emily (2023) Equitable, sustainable and acceptable long-term care in Malawi? Unpacking the implied universalism of key terms in international Ageing Policy discourse. International Journal of Care and Caring, 7 (2): 287 – 306. ISSN 2397-8821

Breuer, Erica, Freeman, Emily, Alladi, Suvarna, Breedt, Marinda, Govia, Ishtar, López-ortega, Mariana, Musyimi, Christine, Oliveira, Déborah, Pattabiraman, Meera, Sani, Tara Puspitarini, Schneider, Marguerite, Swaffer, Kate, Taylor, Dubhglas, Taylor, Eileen and Comas-herrera, Adelina  (2022) Active inclusion of people living with dementia in planning for dementia care and services in low- and middle-income countries. Dementia, 21 (2): 380 – 395. ISSN 1471-3012

Freeman, Emily (2017) Neither “foolish” nor “finished”: identity control among older adults with HIV in rural Malawi. Sociology of Health and Illness, 39 (5):  711-725. ISSN 0141-9889

Freeman, Emily (2016) Understanding HIV-related stigma in older age in rural Malawi. Social Science & Medicine, 164: 35-43. ISSN 0277-9536

Freeman, Emily (2016) Care and identity in rural Malawi. In: Hoffman, Jaco and Pype, Katrien, (eds.) Ageing in Sub-Saharan Africa: Spaces and Practices of Care. Ageing in a Global Context. Policy Press, Bristol, UK, pp. 115-136. ISBN 978-1447325253

Freeman, Emily and Coast, Ernestina (2014) Sex in older age in rural Malawi. Ageing and Society, 34 (7): 1118-1141. ISSN 0144-686X


Please contact me for copies of any papers!