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Pat Schofield

University of Plymouth

Pat Schofield

I have worked as a clinical nurse specialist in pain before moving into academia. I have worked across a number of universities in the UK. My research interests are primarily around pain and ageing/ dementia. I currently am working on a number of studies in collaborations across the UK including pain and frailty, dental pain and dementia and virtual reality in care homes. I have also carried out work into falls and pain and technology and ageing. I have published over 250 papers in peer reviewed journals and have secured over £3m in grant funding. My research methodology includes ethnography, mixed methods and co-design (participatory) research. I have led the development and publication of 4 national UK guidelines including assessment and management of pain in the older population (including updates).


Countries UK; United States;
Topics Attitudes and Expectations about Long-Term Care; Care in rural and other non-urban settings; Co-production in LTC; Pain management in care homes;
Methods Case studies; Creative research methods; Ethnography; Literature reviews and synthesis; Mixed methods; Qualitative studies; Questionnaire; Systematic Review; Training materials;
Role Research;
Interest Groups Pain in Care Homes;
Research interests

pain and ageing
pain and dementia

Key publications

Brown L, Mossabir R, Harrison N, et al Developing the evidence and associated service models to support older adults living with frailty to manage their pain and to reduce its impact on their lives: protocol for a mixed-method, co-design study (The POPPY Study)
BMJ Open 2023;13:e074785. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2023-074785

Tack, L.; Schofield, P.; Boterberg, T.; Chandler, R.; Parris, C.N.; Debruyne, P.R. Practical Implementation of the Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment to Optimise Care for Older Adults with Cancer. Geriatrics 2023, 8, 18.

Schofield, P.; Thomas, N.; McColl, E.; Witton, R. Dental Pain in Care Homes: Is It a Phenomenon? A Systematic Review of the Literature. Geriatrics 2022, 7, x.

Tack.L., Schofield PA., Boterberg.T., et al (2022) Psychosocial Care after Cancer Diagnosis: Recent Advances and Challenges. Cancers 2022, 14(23), 5882

Dunham M, Bacon L, Cottom S, McCrone P, Mehrpouya H, Spyridonis F, Thompson T and Schofield P (2022) Chronic pain through COVID. Front. Pain Res. 3:937652. doi: 10.3389/fpain.2022.937652

Dubruyne.P., et al Acupuncture as a Complementary Therapy for Cancer Care: Acceptability and Preferences of Patients and Informal Caregivers doi: 10.51507/j.jams.2021.14.2.67

Dunham.M., Bonacaro.A., Schofield.P., et al (2021) Smartphone Applications Designed to Improve Older People’s Chronic Pain Management: An Integrated Systematic Review. Geriatrics.6.40. /

Dunham.M., Schofield. PA & Knaggs.R (2020) Evidence-based clinical practice guidelines on the management of pain in older people – a summary report. British Journal of Pain. Dec 7th .

Lefebre. T et al (2020) Systematic Review: Effectiveness of adjunctive analgesics in head and neck cancer patients receiving curative (chemo) radiotherapy. Pain Medicine.

Lydia Gimenez-Llort, Maria Luisa Bernal-Ruiz, Rachel Docking, Aida Munstant-Soria, Virginia Torres-Lista, Antoni Bulbena and Patricia Schofield (2020) Pain assessment in cognitive impairment, especially dementia: A survey in Spain on current practices, use of assessment tools, guidelines and policies, problems experienced and solutions for improvement. Frontiers in Pharmacology.

Lefebvre. T,. Blieck.V., Schofield et al (2020) Acupuncture as a complementary therapy for cancer care: acceptability & preferences of patients & informal caregivers

Lycke. M (2019) Detection of alcohol abuse in older patients with cancer: The integration of alcohol screening questionnaires in the comprehensive geriatric assessment. Journal of Geriatric Oncology. Volume 10, Issue 5, September 2019, Pages 819-823

Michelle Lycke, Evi Martens, Jolien De Zutter, Lore Ketelaars, Tessa Lefebvre, Hans Pottel, Koen Van Eygen, Lieselot Cool, Pat Schofield, Tom Boterberg. (2020) Underrepresentation of vulnerable older patients with cancer in phase II and III oncology registration trials: A case-control study. Journal of Geriatric Oncology 11 (2020) 320–326

Dr Joseph Firth, Professor Pat Schofield, Dr Lee Smith, Dr Abi Fisher, Dr Sarah Jackson, Dr Brendon Stubbs. Digital behavior change interventions to promote physical activity and/or reduce sedentary behavior in older adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis. (2018) Ageing Research Reviews

Veronese et al (2019) Statin use and knee osteoarthritis: A longitudinal Cohort Study. Arthritis Care Research: Volume71, Issue8. August 2019. Pages 1052-1058

Schofield P (2019) Does Pain assessment vary across age groups. Pain Manag 2019 Jul 25;9(4):343-345. Epub 2019 Jun 25.

Veronese et al (2019) Is chocolate consumption associated with health outcomes? An umbrella review of systematic reviews and meta-analyses. Clinical Nutrition. June 2019Volume 38, Issue 3, Pages 1101–1108

Stockwell. S et al (2019) Digital behavior change interventions to promote physical activity and/or reduce sedentary behavior in older adults: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Exp Gerontol 2019 Jun 2;120:68-87. Epub 2019 Mar 2

Lycke. M et al (2019) Subjective, but not objective, cognitive complaints impact long-term quality of life in cancer patients. Psychosoc Oncol 2019 Jul-Aug;37(4):427-440. Epub 2019 Feb 23

Wilson G, Jones D, Schofield P (2018) The use of a wearable camera to explore daily functioning of older adults living with persistent pain: Methodological reflections and recommendations. Journal of Rehabilitation and Assistive Technologies Engineering.

Wethington, E., Eccleston, C., Gay, G., Gooberman-Hill, R., Schofield, P., Bacon, E., . . . Meador, L. (2018). Establishing a research agenda on mobile health technologies and later-life pain using an evidence-based consensus workshop approach. The Journal of Pain, 19(12), 1416-1423.